What's not so clear though is how this narrative affected ordinary Singaporeans, especially non-graduates, and how they saw their place in society. Did they feel like second-class citizens, of less value, because they could make only limited contributions to the country's progress, especially in the material sense? Did they have less confidence in the future, for their children especially, knowing they were not regarded highly and would not be able to join the select ranks? Or did it spur them to make even greater effort so they could become one of them? Perhaps some were inspired, but there would be many who might have felt they didn't belong in a country that continually focused on the contributions of the top.