Human Rights Treaties: SG Receives ‘Red Card’ from UN

Singapore is among the only 10 countries in UN like South Sudan, Tonga, Myanmar and Brunei, which received a “red card” for ratifying 4 or less out of the 18 International Human Rights Treaties [Link]. No other first world countries was in the 10:

Even countries like Afghanistan, China, Iran, Syria, North Korea and many African countries ratified and signed more International Human Rights Treaties than Singapore did.

The status of ratifications of the 18 International Human Rights Treaties is defined by UN as follows:

  • Blue: 15-18 treaties
  • Light Blue: 10-14 treaties
  • Orange: 5-9 treaties
  • Red: 0-4 treaties

There are actually ten core international human rights instruments. Each of these instruments (9 human rights treaties and the Optional Protocol to the CAT) has established a committee of experts to monitor implementation of the treaty provisions by its States parties. Some of the treaties are supplemented by optional protocols dealing with specific concerns. Altogether, there 18 basic International Human Rights Treaties, including the optional protocols:

  1. International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 21 Dec 1965, CERD
  2. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 16 Dec 1966, CCPR
  3. Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 16 Dec 1966, CCPR
  4. Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty, 15 Dec 1989, CCPR
  5. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 16 Dec 1966, CESCR
  6. Optional Protocol to the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 10 Dec 2008, CESCR
  7. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 18 Dec 1979, CEDAW
  8. Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 10 Dec 1999, CEDAW
  9. Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 10 Dec 1984, CAT
  10. Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 18 Dec 2002, SPT
  11. Convention on the Rights of the Child, 20 Nov 1989, CRC
  12. Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, 25 May 2000, CRC
  13. Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, 25 May 2000, CRC
  14. Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure, 14 Apr 2014
  15. International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, 18 Dec 1990, CMW
  16. International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, 20 Dec 2006, CED
  17. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 13 Dec 2006, CRPD
  18. Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 12 Dec 2006, CRPD

Singapore only ratified 4 out of the 18. Even so, they came with reservations and qualifications:

Check Also

South Asia Try To Point Finger At Us For Omicron Variant?!

Apparently a passenger from Singapore that flew back to India tested positive for COVID. They …